Areas Addressed in Physical Therapy Treatment Gross Motor Milestones

Pediatric Physical Therapy

You and your PT can achieve all these things for your child by addressing the following problems you may see in your child:

  1. muscular weakness, low muscle tone (hypotonia), loose joints (laxity), excessive range of motion.

  2. high muscular tone (hypertonia), limited range of motion, tight muscles and joints (poor joint mobility)

  3. abnormal posture

  4. poor postural control, trunk righting responses, and protective extension reactions (required to catch yourself if you are falling)

  5. balance deficits


Hypotonia – reduced tension of the muscles (Taber’s, 1997)

Hypertonia – a state of greater than normal tension of the muscles, or incomplete relaxation (Taber’s, 1997)