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What is Occupational Therapy?

“Occupational Therapy is the therapeutic use of self-care, work, and play activities to increase independent function, enhance development, and prevents disability; may include adaptation of task or environment to achieve maximum independence and to enhance quality of life.”

Dictionary definition of occupational therapy, adopted and approved by the Representative Assembly in April 1986

“Occupational therapy is the use of purposeful activity or interventions designed to achieve functional outcomes which promote health, prevent injury or disability, and which develop, improve, sustain or restore the highest possible level of independence of any individual who has an injury, illness, cognitive impairment, psychosocial dysfunction, mental illness, developmental or learning disability, physical disability, or other disorder or condition. It includes assessment by means of skilled observation or evaluation through the administration and interpretation of standardized or nonstandardized tests and measurements”

Definition of Occupational Therapy Practice for State Regulation by the American Occupational Therapy Association, 1994